Region: Eastern Africa
Capital: Dodoma (legislative)
Population: 40,213,162 (July 2008 est.)
Surface area: 945,087 sq km
Currency: Tanzanian shilling (TZS)
GDP per capita: Purchasing power parity US $1,300 (2007 est.)
Shortly after achieving independence from Britain in the early 1960s, Tanganyika and Zanzibar merged to form the nation of Tanzania in 1964. One-party rule came to an end in 1995 with the first democratic elections held in the country since the 1970s. Zanzibar's semi-autonomous status and popular opposition have led to two contentious elections since 1995, which the ruling party won despite international observers' claims of voting irregularities.
Economy – Overview:
Tanzania is one of the poorest countries in the world. The economy depends heavily on agriculture, which accounts for more than 40% of GDP, provides 85% of exports, and employs 80% of the work force. Topography and climatic conditions, however, limit cultivated crops to only 4% of the land area. Industry traditionally featured the processing of agricultural products and light consumer goods. The World Bank, the IMF, and bilateral donors have provided funds to rehabilitate Tanzania's out-of-date economic infrastructure and to alleviate poverty. Long-term growth through 2005 featured a pickup in industrial production and a substantial increase in output of minerals led by gold. Recent banking reforms have helped increase private-sector growth and investment. Continued donor assistance and solid macroeconomic policies supported real GDP growth of nearly 7% in 2007.
Major Export Commodities: gold, coffee, cashew nuts, manufactures, cotton
Remittances: Not available
Human Development Index 2007/2008 ranking: 159 out of 177
Official Development Assistance and Major Development Partners: Net ODA in 2006 was US $991.71 million. Major development partners include the IDA, the Afican Development Fund, the United Kingdom, and the European Community.
Total External Debt: US $4.379 billion (31 December 2007 est.)
United Nations membership date: 14 December 1961
New York Mission:
Permanent Mission of the United Republic of Tanzania to the United Nations,
201 East 42nd Street, Suite 1700, New York, N.Y. 10017
CIA World Factbook. Central Intelligence Agency. www.cia.gov
World Development Indicators. World Bank www.worldbank.org
Development, Recipient Aid Charts. Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development. www.oecd.org
Human Development Report 2007/2008.United Nations Development Programme. www.undp.org
Updated June 2008